Russia: House of Romanov 1917 - now


Nicholas II (1894-1917)




In June 1884 at the wedding of Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine
Nicholas take a note of the beautiful but very shy sister of the 
bride: princess Alix. 

His parents Emperor Alexander III and his wife weren't happy
with Nicholas 's choice for Alix. They feared that her religious 
nature and her lack of social grace would caused a lot of 
troubles for her in St. Petersburg.


The Kiss  - Nicholas and Alexandra
picture taken at the Hermitage in Amsterdam -
The Netherlands in 2017

The death of Alexander III (1894) rushed Nicholas into his decision 
of his bride to be. Alix moved to Russia 

The wedding of Nicholas and Alexandra was a special event for 
Russia. It was the first time in the history of Russia that a Tsar
was getting married not a Tsarevich. 

The wedding took place on the birthday of Maria Feodorovna.
The first months after their wedding Nicholas and Alix spent

their time in the Anichkov Palace as they didn't want to leave
empress Maria Feodorovna alone. 

In 1896 the coronation of Nicolas II and Alexandra Feodorovna 
took place in Moscow (also called the first throne city). 

The family of Nicholas II would very often go on vacation to
Europe. They traveled a lot with the imperial yacht. 

In 1896 the Standart was put to sea. The Imperial family and
its court would settle in large rooms and there were cabins of the 
officers and the servants too.

In 1896 the Standart set sail for England and France. On deck the
most splendid receptions were held and many diplomatic meetings
took place.

In 1902 Kaiser Wilhelm II visited the Standart and years later
the yacht was visited by King Edward VII of Great Britain.

During 1906 a lot of unrest broke out in Russia these were 
solved with much violence. The order had been restored but
the complaints continued. The violence fueled the resentment
of revenge.

In June 1912 Kaiser Wilhelm II visited Nicholas II for the last
time on board of the Standart. 

Kaiser Wilhelm II met the Russian Tsar for the last time in 
1913, when Nicholas II attended the wedding of Kaiser
Wilhelm II's daughter to Ernst August of Hanover.

1914 became the last season of partying. It was just like 
everybody could predict the catastrophe.

The news about the War was received with an explosion of
patriotic passion and for a moment it looked like the country
was united around the Russian throne.

In the cities food shortage and price increases were the
reasons for big strikes.

In September 1915 Tsar Nicholas II took the command 
over the Imperial army. 

While the Tsar was in the headquarters of the army, his
wife ruled Russia together with a mysterious and religious man
called Grigori Rasputin.
























This and the fact that Alix was German destroyed the resting
confidence in the Romanovs. 

Rasputin was murdered in on 17 December (O.S) / 30 December (N.S)
1916 by a small group of aristocrats. Prince Felix Yusupov was their
leader 

The Tsar was warned several times inter alia by the British 
ambassador in Russia. He encouraged Nicholas to do everything
before it was to late to gain the confidence of the people. This shocked
the Tsar very much. He replied:  'Should I recover the confidence of 
my people or that they do recover my confidence?'

In February 1917 more than 7.000 workers stopped work and
they walked on the streets screaming one word: "Bread".

During one day the workers who stopped working were already
with 90.000 men. The ministers didn't say anything to the Tsar.
But the revolution was started.

On March 15th. 1917 (N.S) Emperor Nicholas II of Russia was 
forced to abdicate the throne. The Romanov Dynasty no 
longer ruled over Russia. 

The Tsar and his family


Nicholas II (1868 -  1918) married Alexandra Feodorovna  (1872- 1918)

File:Engagement official picture of Alexandra and Nicholas.jpg


They had 5 children:

The Tsar and his Family - picture taken at the Hermitage Amsterdam in 2017


1/ Grand Duchess Olga

Born:  1895
Godparent: Queen Victoria (her maternal Grandmother)
Favorite sister: Tatiana (The 2 girls shared 1 room)

2/ Grand Duchess Tatiana

Born: 1897

File:Tatiana Nikolaevna.jpg

3/ Grand Duchess Maria

File:GrandDuchessMaria1914formal2.jpg

Born: 1899

4/ Grand Duchess Anastasia

Born: 1901

Due to the Russian Revolution she was transported to Ekaterinburg.
She was killed on July 17th. 1918. There were rumors about her death.


Some people think that she could escape.
There was a woman called Anna Anderson who proclaimed that she was the
Grand Duchess Anastasia. DNA tests show that Anna Anderson couldn't
be family of the Romanovs.


Last year I saw the beautiful Disney movie: Anastasia.

More about this Grand Duchess on this link 



File:Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna.jpg

  Anna Anderson
























5/ Tsarevich Alexei







Born: 1904



July 17th. 1918

The Tsar and his family were killed in Yekaterinburg.




Living in Exile 

During the revolution the Imperial Family could escape from Russia.


Who has survived?




Maria Feodorovna and her sister Queen Alexandra of England

Maria Feodorovna (Dagmar of Denmark)

The  Dowager Empress survived the revolution and she could
escape Russia. In April 1919 Maria Feodorovna left the
Crimea on the HMS Marlborough (sent by King George V).
After spending time in England in the company of her sister
Alexandra, Maria Feodorovna finally arrived in Denmark. There
she would live her last years. 


In Copenhagen Maria Feodorovna settled at Hvidovre and in
the autumn she moved to Amalienborg. There her living style
upset her nephew Christian X. 

From 1920 she would spend most of her time in her villa.
Maria Feodorovna received constant attention and help from
her Danish relatives especially from Prince Valdemar, who 
would visit his elder sister almost every day. 

The main income from Maria Feodorovna came from
 a fund created by the English Royal Family (who after
the death of the Dowager Empress paid handsomely for her 
jewels). 

During the beginning of October 1928 the Dowager Empress
became very ill. Both her daughters Xenia en Olga stood at her
bedside. 

Maria Feodorovna, the Dowager Empress of Russia died on
October 13th. 1928.

The funeral services for the dowager Empress took place on
October 19th. Many leading figures from various European
countries came to say farewell to the last Russian Dowager
Empress.

There were Kings from Denmark, Norway, Belgium and
representatives from the House of Romanov and many
officials.

Empress Maria Feodorovna was interred in Roskilde
Cathedral.

In 2006 the remains of the Dowager Empress were laid
to rest in the St.Petersburg's Cathedral of SS Peter and Paul.



Xenia Alexandrovna





Father: Alexander III of Russia

Mother: Dagmar of Denmark - Maria Feodorovna
Spouse: Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich

On April 11th. 1919 she could escape from Russia on board of
the ship HMS Marlborough. 


She went to England and died 1960



Prince Andrei Alexandrovich
Born: 1897

Father: Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia
Mother: Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia (sister of the last tsar)

Died: 1981 in Faversham (United Kingdom)

File:Prince Andrei Mikhailovich Romanoff.jpg



Prince Feodor Alexandrovich
Born: 1898

Father: Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia
Mother: Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia

Married:
Princess Irena Pavlovna Paley (morganic daughter of Grand Duke Paul
             Alexandrovich of Russia and his wife Princess Olga Paley)

Died: 1968 in Ascain (France)

File:Prince Fedor of Russia.JPG



Prince Nikita Alexandrovich
Born: 1900

Father: Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia
Mother: Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia
Married: Countess Maria Vorontsova - Dashkova

Died: 1974 in Cannes (France)

File:Prince Nikita of Russia.jpg



Prince Dmitri Alexandrovich
Born: 1901

Father: Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia
Mother: Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia

Married:

1/ Countess Marina Sergeievna  Golenistcheva - Koutouzova
2/ Sheila MacKellar Chisholm

Died: 1980 in London


Prince Rostislav Alexandrovich
Born: 1902

Father: Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia
Mother: Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia

Married:

1/ Princess Alexandra Pavlovna Galitzine

2/ Alice Eilken

3/ Hedwig Maria Gertrud Eva von Chappuis

Died: 1978 in Cannes


File:Prince Rostislav of Russia.jpg


Prince Vasili Alexandrovich
Born: 1907

Father: Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia
Mother: Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia

Married: Princess Natalia Aleksandrovna Galitzine
She was an actress.
She played in the theater and in silent films.

Died: 1989 in Woodside California


Princess Irina Alexandrovna of Russia

Father: Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich
Mother: Xenia Alexandrovna
Spouse: Felix Felixovich Yusupov


Felix Yusupov

Born: March 23rd. 1887

Prince Felix Yusupov, Count of Sumarokov-Elston was born at the
Moika Palace in St. Petersburg. 

Father: Count Felix Felixovich Sumarokov-Elston
Mother: Zinaida Nikolaevna Yusupova

Spouse: Princess Irina Alexandrovna of Russia.

He was best known for his participation in the assassination of
Rasputin.

Died: September 27th. 1967 in Paris, France


Irina Yusupova

Born: March 21st. 1915 @ Moika Palace in St. Petersburg

Father: Felix Yusupov
Mother: Princess Irina Alexandrovna of Russia.

After the February revolution her family moved to Paris, France.

Spouse: Count Nikolai Dmitrievich Sheremetev

Died : August 30th. 1983 at Cormeilles in France


Princess Zinaida Nikolaievna Yusupova

Born: September 2nd. 1861 St. Petersburg
Died: November 24th. 1939 Paris France
Spouse: Count Felix Felixovich Sumarokov-Elston


She was one of the leading figures in the pre-Revolutionary Russian society. 
Zinaida was known for her beauty and the lavishness of her hospitality. 

In private, she became a severe critic of Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna.
After the Russian Revolution she and her husband moved to Rome.
After his death she moved to Paris where she died in 1939. 

She had a huge collection of historical jewels in Russia. Once she owned:
- 21 Tiaras,
- 255 Brooches,
- 42 Bracelets
etc ...

After her narrow escape she was forced to leave back all her assets in Russia.
Her entire jewel collection was hidden in a secret vault at the Moika Palace.
They were found and sold by the Bolsheviks in 1925.


Count Felix Felixovich Sumarokov-Elston,
Prince of Yusupov

Born: October 5th. 1856 in St. Petersburg
Died: June 10th. 1928 in Rome
Spouse: Princess Zinaida Nikolaievna Yusupova




Olga Alexandrovna




Born: June 13th. 1882

Father: Tsar Alexander III

Mother: Maria Feodorovna, Dagmar of Denmark

Sister of Tsar Nicholas II.


Spouses: 

1/ Duke Peter Alexandrovich of Oldenburg


At the age of 19 on August 9th. 1901, Olga married the 33-year -old Peter. 
Olga spent her wedding night alone in tears, while her husband left for a 
gambling club returning the next morning.


Their marriage remained unconsummated and Olga suspected that Peter
was pushed into the marriage by his ambitious mother. 

It was privately believed by family and friends that Peter was homosexual.

In April 1903 Olga was introduced to a Blue Cuirassier Guards officer
Nikolai Kulikovsky by her brother Michael during a royal military review
at Pavlovsk Palace. Olga and Kulikovsky began to see each other and 
they exchanged letters regularly. 

2/ Nikolai Kulikovsky


In 1916 Tsar Nicholas II officially annulled the marriage between
Duke Peter Alexandrovich and the Grand Duchess and the Tsar 
allowed her to marry Colonel Kulikovsky. The service was performed
on November 16th. 1916 in Kiev. 

Denmark


In 1920 Olga and her family arrived in Copenhagen. They lived with
the Dowager Empress. Olga acted as her mother's secretary and
companion. The Dowager Empress was cold towards Kulikovsky
and she rarely allowing him in her presence. At formal functions,
Olga was expected to accompany her mother alone. 

Anna Anderson


In 1925 Olga and Colonel Kulikovsky traveled to Berlin to meet 
Anna Anderson,who claimed to be Olga's niece, 
Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia.


Olga met Anna Anderson who was being treated for tuberculosis at
a nursing home. 

"The nose, the moth, the eyes, were all different . As soon as I sat down
by that bed in the Mommsen Nursing Home, I knew I was looking at a
stranger. I had left Denmark with something of hope in my heart. I left
Berlin with all hope extinguished. 

Exile in Denmark


The Dowager Empress died on October 13th. 1928. Her estate was 
sold and Olga purchased Knudsminde, a farm about 24 km from
Copenhagen. There they kept horses. This farm became a center
from the Russian monarchist community in Denmark and many
Russian emigrants visited. Olga maintained a high level of 
correspondence with the Russian émigré community and former
members of the imperial army. 

Later Olga began to sell her own paintings of Russian and Danish
scenes. She held exhibition auctions in Copenhagen, London, Paris
and Berlin.

On April 9th. 1940 neutral Denmark was invaded by Nazi Germany
and the country was occupied for the remainder of World War II.

On May 4th. 1940 German forces in Denmark surrendered to the
British. 


Emigration to Canada

In May 1948, Olga and her family traveled to London by Danish 
troopship. They were housed at Hampton Court Palace.

On June 2nd. 1948, Olga and her family departed Liverpool on
board the Empress of Canada. 

Later they purchased a farm in Ontario. In 1952 the farm was sold. 
In November 1960 Olga died at the age of 78. 

Current news about her family

current news about her grandson on this link

Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia
also called "the elder"
née Duchess Marie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Born: 14 May 1854
Father: Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Mother: Princess Augusta of Reuss- Köstritz

She married the third son of Tsar Alexander II of Russia:
Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich of Russia. This was
her second cousin. 

Upon her marriage she took the name Maria Pavlovna of Russia. 
As a result of marrying a son of an Emperor of Russia she took up
a new title: Her Imperial Highness. The couple had 4 sons and 1
daughter.




In Russia they lived at the Vladimir Palace. It was there that she
established her reputation as being one of the best hostesses in
the capital. 

She was temporarily being banned from court by Nicholas II due to her
addiction to gambling. 

In 1909 her husband died and she succeeded him as president of the
Academy of Fine Arts.

Her court was in the later years of the reign of Tsar Nicholas II the 
most cosmopolitan and popular in the capital. 

After the revolution, the Grand Duchess held the distinction to be
one of the last Romanovs to leave Russia as well as the first to die
in exile. 

A friend rescued her jewels from her palace and smuggled them out of Russia. 

She finally escaped aboard of a fishing boat to Anapa in 1918. 
She boarded an Italian ship headed to Venice on 13 February 1920.

Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna traveled from Venice to Switzerland
and then to France. There she died on 6 September 1920 at the 
age of 66.

Grand Duke Kirill (Cyril) Vladimirovich
 Born: 1876

 He was a grandson of Alexander II of Russia
 His father was Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich of Russia
(brother of Alexander III)
His mother was Grand Duchess Maria Palovna of Russia 
"the elder".

 He married Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
 (granddaughter of Queen Victoria of   the United Kingdom)

The Grand Duke obtained permission from the Provisional Government 
to move his family to Petrograd to Borga in Finland and left the capital
by train in 1917. Grand Duchess Victoria Melita gave birth to their
only son Grand Duke Vladimir Kyrilovich. 

This family remained in Finland until May 1920, then they moved
to Germany. 

Died in 1938 in Neuilly (France)



File:Kirill Vladimirovich.jpg


Grand Duke Boris Vladimirovich
Born: 1877

He was a grandson of Tsar Alexander II of Russia

His father was Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich of Russia 
(brother of Alexander III)
He married Zinaida Sergeievna Rashevskaya

After the revolution, he went to France


Died: 1943 in Paris (France)



File:Grand Duke Boris of Russia.jpg


Grand Duke Andrei Vladimirovich
Born: 1879

He was the youngest son of Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich of Russia 

and Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna.

He married Mathilde Kchessinska.

After the revolution he went to France (Paris)

Died: 1956 at the age 77.

       
File:AndrejVladimirovitsj.jpg



Grand Duke Vladimir Kirillovich of Russia

Born: 17 August 1917

Father: Grand Duke Cyril Vladimirovich
Mother: Grand Duchess Viktoria Feodorovna

After the Russian Revolution of 1917, his parents fled to Finland.
In 1920 they left Finland moving to Coburg. In 1930 they left
Germany for Saint-Briac in France. There his father set up his
court.

In the 1930's Vladimir lived in England, studying at the 
University of London. He later returned to France moving to
Brittany where he became a landowner.

His father died on 12 October 1938 and Vladimir proclaimed 
to be the Headship of the Imperial Family of Russia. 

After World War II, he spent most of his time in Madrid but he
stays frequently at his property in Brittany as well as in Paris. 

Vladimir married Princess Leonida Georgievna Bagration-
Moukhransky on 13 August 1948 at Lausanne. 
There was a dispute whether this marriage was equal or 
morganatic.

In 1991 he was able to visit Russia again.

Vladimir died of an apparent heart attack while addressing a 
gathering of Spanish Speaking bankers and investors in Miami
in the United States on April 21 1992.

His body was returned to Russia and he was buried with full
pomp and splendor in the Peter and Paul Fortress 
in St. Petersburg. 

After his death, his daughter Maria Vladimirovna assumed
the headship of the Imperial Family of Russia. This was 
disputed by Nicholas Romanov, Prince of Russia, (son of 
Prince Roman Petrovich of Russia) who had been 
chosen president of the Romanov Family Association prior to the 
death of Grand Duke Vladimir.

Nowadays the position of the Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna
as Head of the Imperial House is acknowledged by most
serious Russian Monarchist organizations and by most of those Heads
of Royal Houses which continue to maintain relations with the Imperial 
House. 

Grand Duchess Elizabeth Marikievna

Née: Princess Elisabeth Auguste Marie Agnes of Saxe-Altenburg
Born: 25 January 1865 in Meiningen, Germany




Princess Elisabeth was the second child of Prince Moritz of
Saxe-Altenburg and his wife Princess Augusta of Saxe-Meiningen

In 1882, when she was 16 years old, she met her second cousin,
Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich in Altenburg.

When he left, he promised to write her but he never did. 

In 1884, she visited Russia and the wedding was announced. 
However Princess Elisabeth wished to keep her Lutheran faith.
Her husband believed firmly in the Russian Orthodox Church.

Nevertheless their wedding took place on 27 April 1884 and their
marriage was a success (although Grand Duke Konstantin
secretly kept male lovers).  The couple would have nine children. 

Grand Duchess Elizaveta Mavrikievna or "Marva" got on
quite well with her nephew, Tsar Nicholas II. 

After the revolution, in 1918, she could escape Petrograd 
for Sweden on the Swedish ship:
Angermanland.

She lived for 2 years in Sweden, but that was too expensive for
them. By the invitation of King Albert I of Belgium she moved
to Belgium. Later she went to Germany.  

Died: 24 March 1927 in Leipzig, Germany

Princess Tatiana Constantinovna of Russia



Born: 23 January 1890

Father: Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich of Russia
Mother: Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg

In the spring of 1911, Tatiana Constantinovna became engaged
to Prince Konstantine Bagration of Mukhrani, a Georgian by
birth who served in the Russian Imperial Guards regiment. 

They were married on 3 September 1911. Tsar Nicholas II was
present at the wedding. 

The couple would have 2 children. 

After the outbreak of World War I, Konstantin served in the
Russian armed forced. He was killed in action in 1915.

Tatiana Konstantinovna was close to her uncle Grand Duke
Dmitri Konstantinovich. She fell in love with his aide-de-camp,
Alexander Korochenzov. Urged by her uncle she left Russia.
She fled to Romania at the invitation of Queen Marie in 1919.

Later Tatiana moved to Switzerland. In November 1921, she
and Alexander married in Geneva. 3 Months later he died
and she became a widow for the second time. 

Tatiana raised her children alone, when both were grown and
married, she took the veil. She died as mother Tamara,
Abbess of the Mount Olives Convent on 28 August 1979 in
Jeruzalem.


Princess Vera Constantinovna of Russia





















Born: 24 April 1906

Princess Vera Constantinovna of Russia also written as 
Konstantinovna was the youngest child of Grand Duke
Konstantin Konstantinovich of Russia and his wife
Grand Duchess Elizabeth Mavrikievna. 

Princess Vera was a great-granddaughter of Tsar Nicholas I of
Russia. She also was a childhood playmate of the younger children
of Emperor Nicholas II of Russia. 

At the age of 12 she escaped with her mother and brother
George to Sweden. 

Vera spent the rest of her life in exile, first in Western Europe
and later, from the 1950's in the United States, where she lived
in New York.

There she worked for the Tolstoy Foundation, which provided
aid to Russians in need. Princess Vera wrote four short articles
about her life for a magazine "Kadetskaya pereklichka" 
published by Union of the Russian Kadets in New York in 1972.

Princess Vera died at the Tolstoy Foundation's elderly care home
in Valley Cottage, New York on 11 January 2001. She was buried
next to her brother Prince Georgy Konstantinovich at the 
cemetery of Russian Orthodox Monastery of Novo-Diveevo 
in Nanuet, New York. 

Prince Gavriil Konstantinovich 
(also called Prince Gabriel of Russia)

Born: 1887

Father: Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich of Russia


Mother: Grand Duchess Elizabeth Mavrikievna, 

born princess Elizabeth of Saxe-Altenburg

He married twice:

Antonia Rafailovna Nesterovskaya

Princess Irina Ivanovna Kurakina


He had been imprisoned in Petrograd but he was released

and allowed to go to Finland. Afterwards they went to 
France. 


Died:1955 in Paris (France)


Prince Georg Konstantinovich
(also called Prince Georgy or George)

Born:1903


Father: Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich of Russia


Mother: Grand Duchess Elizabeth Mavrikievna, 

born princess Elizabeth of Saxe-Altenburg

Died: 1938 in New York (United States)


File:Георгий Константинович.jpg




Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia

known as "Maria Pavlovna the Younger"




Born: 18 April 1890

Grandfather: Tsar Alexander II of Russia

Father: Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia

Mother: Grand Duchess Alexandra Georgievna of Russia, née
Princess Alexandra of Greece and Denmark 

She and her brother Dmitri were left in the care of their uncle
Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich and his wife Grand Duchess
Elisabeth Feodorovna. 

In 1907, Prince Wilhelm, Duke of Södermanland the second son 
of King Gustav V of Sweden and Victoria of Baden visited
St. Petersburg and he was introduced  to the 16 year old
Maria Pavlovna.

On 3 May 1908 their wedding took place at Tsarskoye Selo. 
In 1909 their only child, Prince Lennart, Duke of Smaland,
Count of Wisborg was born. They moved to Sweden.

However she found her husband 'cold, shy and neglectful'. 

In 1913 Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna went to Russia 
to attend the celebrations
for the 300 year anniversary of the Romanov Family. 

On 13 March 1914, her marriage was officially dissolved.

At the outbreak of World War I, Grand Duchess Maria
Pavlovna was sent to the northern front in East Prussia, where
she helped as a nurse together with Princess Helen of Serbia. 

Earlier during the war she met Prince Sergei Mikhailovich 
Putyatin again. They knew each other as children and in the
spring of 1917 the two began an affair. 

Maria Pavlovna married Putyatin on 19 September 1917. 
On 8 July 1918 she gave birth to a son:
Prince Roman Sergeievich Putyatin.

After the revolution, Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna
received an invitation from Queen Marie of Romania. 
There the Grand Duchess started her life in exile.

Later she moved to Paris and she reunited with her 
brother Dmitri in London. 

In 1920, Maria Pavlovna returned to Paris. There she opened
a quality textile shop called Kitmir. She also Coco Chanel in
the autumn of 1921. 

In 1923 she divorced from her second husband 
"over a fundamental difference in attitude".

In 1928 Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna sold her workshop.
That year she emigrated to the United States, hoping for a 
new start. 

In New York she wrote a book of memoirs. It was translated
in two titles: 
The Education of a Princes
A Princess in Exile
They both became bestsellers. 

In 1935 she was sent to Germany as a photojournalist. She also
moved to Buenos Aires in Argentina.

On 13 December 1958 she died at Mainau in Germany. 
There Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia was buried
next to her brother.


Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich
Born: 1891

He was a grandson of Tsar Alexander II
Son of Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich and Princess Alexandra of
Greece and Denmark. He was involved with the murder of  Grigori Rasputin
together with Prince Felix Yusupov
During the revolution, he could escape to London

He married Audrey Emery morganatically

He had tuberculosis and died in 1942 in Davos (Switzerland)
He is buried in Germany near his sister.


File:Dmitri pavlovich2.jpg

Dowager Queen Olga of Greece
Born: 3 September 1851

née: Grand Duchess Olga Constantinovna of Russia
father: Grand Duke Constantine of Russia
mother: Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Altenburg

married: 27 October 1867 to King Georg I of Greece.
He was the brother of Empress Maria Feodorovna 
(born Dagmar of Denmark). They would have 8 children.

King George I of Greece was shot and killed on
18 March 1913. Olga said her husband's death was "the
will of God".

Olga soon returned to her native Russia to spend time 
with her younger brother Grand Duke Constantine
Constantinovich. 

With the outbreak of World War I, Olga decided to
stay in Russia. She established a hospital in St. Petersburg.

On the collapse of the Tsarist regime in February 1917,
Olga stayed in Russia. But she accepted the need to leave
Russia but the Bolsheviks refused to let her go. 

Through a Danish intervention Olga was permitted to 
leave Russia in December 1918.

Princess Helen of Serbia

Born: 4 November 1884

Father: Peter I of Yugoslavia

Mother: Princess Zorka of Montenegro

She was an elder sister of George, Crown Prince of Serbia

and King Alexander I of Yugoslavia.

Helen was a niece of Anastasia of Montenegro, wife of

Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia
and of Milica of Montenegro, wife of Grand Duke Peter
Nicolaievich of Russia. 

Princess Helen was brought up under the care of her aunts

Stana and Milica. She was educated in Russia. The young
Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia was very fond of
her. 

Another aunt, Elena of Montenegro, Queen of Italy, invited

her for a visit and introduced her to 
Prince John Constantinovich of Russia. 




This really was a love match. The couple married on 
21 August 1911 in St. Petersburg Russia. 

Helen studied medicine at the University of St. Petersburg, but

she had to give up when she gave birth to her first child. 
The couple had two children: Prince Vsevelod Ivanovich of Russia
and her daughter Princess Catherine Ivanovna of Russia. 
These were the great-grandchildren of Constantine Constantinovich
of Russia and his wife Grand Duchess Elizabeth Mavrikievna. 

During the revolution of 1917, Helen voluntarily followed her 

husband into exile when he was arrested. 

John first was imprisoned at Yekaterinburg and later moved to

Alapaevsk. There he was murdered at 18 July 1918.

In July 1918 she was arrested by the secret police and was taken

captive in Perm. 

Helen remained imprisoned at Perm until Norwegian diplomats 

located her and had her transferred. She was then kept prisoner
at the Kremlin Palace.

Finally she joined her children in Sweden. Later she moved to

France. 

Princess Helen of Serbia died on 16 October 1962 at the age

of 77 in Nice. 

Prince Vsevolod Ivanovich

Born: 20 January 1914 at the Marble Palace in Sint-Petersburg

Father: Prince John Constantinovich of Russia

Mother: Princess Helen of Serbia
Tsar Nicholas II was appointed one of his godparents. 
He was a great-great grandson of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia

During World War I, his father fought in the army and he

was decorated as a war hero. 

His mother served as a nurse during the war. He and his 

sister, Catherine were left in St. Petersburg under the care of their
paternal grandmother. 

After the October Revolution, Prince Vsevolod lived with his 

grandmother and some relatives at Pavlovsk. 

When the Bolsheviks took power, Vsevolod's father and two of

his uncles Constantine and Igor were sent to internal exile in the
Urals. There they were killed. 

Finally he was able to escape revolutionary Russia with the help

of Swedish diplomats at the invitation of Queen Victoria of Sweden.

They traveled first to Tallinn in Estonia, afterwards they moved

to Finland. In Helsinki they boarded the Swedish vessel and traveled
to Stockholm. 

In 1919 Vsevolod was reunited with his mother. They first moved

to France and later he studied at Eton and Oxford in the United 
Kingdom. 

On 1 February 1939 he was engaged to Lady Mary Lygon. 

She became Princess Romanovsky-Pavlovsky. 

The couple was granted a divorce in February 1956 on the grounds

of Prince Vsevolod's adultery.

The same year he married his Hungarian mistress Emilia de Gosztoyi.

She was granted the title of Princess Romanovsky by Grand Duke
Vladimir. 

In 1957, the prince had to sold some old masters at Christie's due

to a lack of money. 

In 1961, Prince Vsevolod's second marriage ended in a divorce.

There were no children. 

On 8 June 1961, Vsevolod married again, to Valli Knust. 

She was created princess Romanovsky Knust. Their marriage
was happy but they had no children. 

Died: 18 June 1973 in London


Princess Catherine Ivanovna of Russia
Born: 12 July 1915

Father: Prince John Konstantinovich

Mother: Princess Helen of Serbia

She was a great-granddaughter of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia
and a niece of King Alexander I of Yuguslavia.

After the revolution she was reunited with her mother in 1919.
The family lived in France, Serbia and then in England. 

From 1937 to 1945, Princess Catherine Ivanovna lived in Italy.
There she married the Italian diplomat Ruggero Farace, Marchese
Farace di Villaforesta. Their wedding took place in Rome.

Due to her wedding, she renounced to her succession rights on 
the Russian throne. They had 3 children. 

In 1945, Princess Catherine separated from her husband and
moved with her children to South America. She lived in 
Montevideo, Uruguay. There she died on 14 July 2007


Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich
Born:1856


Father: Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich

Mother: Alexandra Petrovna of Oldenburg
Died:1929 in Antibes (France)

Married: Princess Anastasia of Montenegro



File:Grand Duke Nicholas - Project Gutenberg eText 16363.jpg



Princess Anastasia of Montenegro

Born: June 4th. 1868 in Cetinje Montenegro, she was the third
child and third daughter of her parents. 

Anastasia was educated at the Smolny Institute with her older

sister Princess Milica.

On August 28th. 1889 she married Prince George Maximilianovich

of Leuchtenberg (later the Duke of Leuchtenberg). The Duke had one
son from a prior marriage. He and Princess Anastasia had two 
children before divorcing in St. Petersburg on November 15th. 1906.

On April 29th. 1907 Anastasia married Grand Duke

Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia. This marriage remained childless.

Both her husbands were grandsons of Emperor Nicholas I of Russia.


The two Montenegrin princesses were besides sisters also

sisters-in-law as their husbands were brothers. 

After the revolution she briefly in Italy, living with her sister

Elena, Queen of Italy. Later she moved to France and she spent the
winters on the Riviera. 

On November 15th. 1935 she died in Cap d'Antibes. 




Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich
Born: 1864

Father: Grand Duke Nicholas Niikolaevich (the elder)
Mother: Alexandra of Oldenburg
Married: Princess Milica of Montenegro

Died: 1931

File:Pjotr NyikolajevicsRomanov.jpg



Princess Milica of Montenegro
Born: July 14th. 1866 in Cetinje Montenegro

Father: King Nikola I
Mother: Milena Vukotic

Milica and her sister Anastasia were invited by 
Tsar Alexander III of Russia to be educated at the 
Russian Smolny Institute (a school for noble maids).

Both sisters were socially very influential at the 
Russian Imperial Court. 

They are discredited with introducing the mystic
Grigori Rasputin to the Imperial family.

The nicknames of the sisters were:

"The Black Peril". 

She died in 1951.




Princess Marina Petrovna of Russia
Father: Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich
Mother: Princess Milica of Montenegro
Married: Prince Alexander Golitsyn

She wrote La Sainte Nuit. 

Died: May 15th. 1981 in France
 

Prince Roman Petrovich of Russia
Born: 1896

Father: Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich

Mother: Princess Milica of Montenegro
Married: Countess Praskovia Sheremeteva

Died: 1978 at Rome






Princess Nadeja Petrovna of Russia

She married in April 1917: Prince Nicholas Vladimirovich Orlov.
Their baby daughter Princes Irina Orlova was one of the youngest
people on board of the H.M.S Nelson.


Grand Duke Michael Mikhailovich of Russia
Born: 1861

Father: Grand Duke Michael Nicholaievich

Mother: Princess Cecilie of Baden
Married: Countess Sophie of Merenberg (Morganic)

Died: 1929 in London



File:Grand Duke Michael Mikailovich of Russia.jpg




Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia
Born: 1866

Married: Grand Duchess Xenia of Russia (sister of Tsar Nicolas II - last Tsar)
Father: Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia
Mother: Princess Cecilie of Baden

He had fled with his family to the Crimea and left Russia from Yalta 

on the HMS Forsythe in December 1918 to attend the Paris Peace Conference
as the representative of the Romanov Family. 

Died: 1933 in Roquebrune (France)


File:Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich (LOC).jpg





Source pictures: wikipedia